Mecnanism of action:
The daily dose of hormones taken in the pill work mainly by tricking the body into thinking that ovulation has already happened. This prevents an egg from ripening and being released from the ovaries each month.The hormones also increase the thickness of the natural mucus at the neck of the womb, which makes it more difficult for sperm to cross from the vagina into the womb and reach an egg. They also change the quality of the womb lining (endometrium), making it less likely that a fertilised egg can implant there.
Taking this contraceptive pill usually results in lighter, less painful and more regular menstrual bleeding. This means it is sometimes also prescribed for women who have problems with particularly heavy, painful or irregular periods.
Nausea and vomiting.
• Headache/migraine, breast tenderness, enlargement.
• Weight changes, retention of water in the body tissues (fluid retention).
• Vaginal thrush (candidiasis), change in menstrual bleeding.
• Menstrual spotting or breakthrough bleeding.
• Depression, skin reactions.
• Decreased sex drive, Rise in blood pressure.
Yasmin is a monophasic pill. This means that each tablet has the same dose of hormones in it. One tablet is taken every day for 21 days and you then have a seven day break from pill-taking. During seven day break, the levels of the hormones in blood drop, which results in a withdrawal bleed that is similar to normal period. Start the next pack after the seven pill-free days are up.
Not to be used in
• Known or suspected pregnancy.
• Breastfeeding (until weaning or for six months after birth).
• Women with a personal or family history of a blood clot in a vein (venous thromboembolism), eg in the leg (deep vein thrombosis) or in the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
• Blood disorders that increase the risk of blood clots in the veins, eg antiphospholipid syndrome or factor V Leiden.
• Angina, history of liver disease, decreased kidney function.
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Keep all medications away from children and pets.